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EU ETS Revenues for Member States in 2024: Projections and Insights

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The revenues from the EU ETS are directed towards financing the green transition within the European Union. Those funds are expected to decrease in 2024 because of the recent price fall in EUAs. Become a carbon markets investor to help the EU meet its climate ambitions.

EU ETS Revenues for Member States in 2024: Projections and Insights
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The revenues from the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) auctions stem from the sale of European Union Allowances (EUAs). The generated funds are directed towards financing the green transition within the European Union. Over recent years, EU ETS revenues have been steadily growing, reaching €43.5 billion in 2023. Member states receive their EU ETS revenues based on predetermined proportions. A part of the EU ETS auction revenues go to the innovation and modernization funds - those facilitate technological transitions towards sustainability in Europe. By investing in EUAs, individuals can directly contribute to fighting climate change. This is done by supporting member states' efforts and bringing upward EUA price pressure, by tightening the market and bolstering revenues allocated for climate-related projects.

  • What are the revenues from the EU ETS auctions? 
  • Where do the revenues from the EU ETS go? 
  • What were the EU ETS revenues in 2023? 
  • What will the 2024 EU ETS revenues be? 
  • How to contribute to fighting climate change by investing in EUAs?

What are the revenues from the EU ETS auctions? 

What are the EU ETS auctions? 

European Union Allowances (EUAs) are issued by the European Commission - this is what we call the carbon primary market. They are either allocated for free to industrial installations, or  are sold through auctions. The European Energy Exchange (EEX) platform holds the common auctions for all EU member states (excluding Poland and Germany, which have opted to conduct their own auctions). Sales of EUAs occur daily as per a predetermined calendar schedule.

What are the EU ETS revenues between 2013 and 2023? 

In recent years, EU ETS revenues have increased, following the escalating prices of carbon allowances. In 2022, the total EU ETS revenues were €30 billion, increasing to €43.5 billion in 2023 (Member States Revenues + Innovation and Modernization Funds). In that year, a total of 517,587,000 EUAs were auctioned at an average price of €84.

EU ETS revenues until 2023

Where do the revenues from the EU ETS go? 

How much does every country receive from the EU ETS?

Proceeds from the common auctions are pooled by EEX and then distributed among member states. In 2022, the top five beneficiaries of revenues from EUA auctions were 

  • Germany, 
  • Poland, 
  • Spain, 
  • France, 
  • Italy.

Some of the revenues are allocated to innovation and modernization funds (the social climate fund to also be included in the years to come), which assist member states in financing their technological transitions toward more sustainable practices.

EU ETS revenues by member state

How are the EU ETS revenues used? 

Until the end of 2023, 50% of auctioning revenues (for stationary installations) had to be allocated for climate action by member states. In reality, a higher proportion of proceeds was allocated to climate action - between 2013 and 2022, countries dedicated 76% of their EU ETS revenues to sustainability-related projects. From 2024 on, 100% of the proceeds from the cap-and-trade scheme will be used for sustainable projects, according to the newly adopted directives. 

What were the EU ETS revenues in 2023? 

How much was raised from EUA sales in 2023? 

In total, €43 477 308 000 were raised from EU ETS auctions in 2023, split as follows: 

  • Member States: € 33 042 754 080
  • Innovation Fund : € 1 739 092 320
  • Modernisation Fund: € 5 652 050 040
  • RepowerEU: € 3 043 411 560

What projects were funded by the EU ETS in 2023? 

What projects were funded by the EU ETS in 2023 in France? 

France allocates its EU ETS revenues for climate action through the "ma prime renov '' program which funds energy renovation projects. After 2018, the government imposed a cap on investments in this program, and the rest of the proceeds from carbon markets are allocated to the general public budget for climate action.

What projects were funded by the EU ETS in 2023 in Italy? 

In Italy, 50% of EU ETS revenues are directed towards climate projects, the remainder going into the general budget. Projects funded include the PREPAC program for retrofitting government buildings and initiatives promoting sustainable transportation.

What projects were funded by the EU ETS in 2023 in Germany? 

Germany is the country that receives the most EU ETS auction proceeds. It allocates all the funds to various climate action projects. The invested money is used for building retrofitting, grants for electric vehicles, renewable heating programs, compensation for electricity-intensive industries, and measures to promote electromobility.

What will the 2024 EU ETS revenues be? 

How much will be raised from EUA sales in 2024? 

If we consider the average EUA price since the beginning of the year (€60), in total, €40 636 440 000 are expected to be raised from EU ETS auctions in 2024, split as follows: 

  • Member States: € 30 883 694 400
  • Innovation Fund : € 1 739 092 320
  • Modernisation Fund: € 5 652 050 040
  • RepowerEU: € 3 043 411 560

Why are there less revenues from EUA sales in 2024? 

As discussed earlier, there has been a decline in carbon market prices in recent months. It is mainly attributed to regulatory adjustments in response to the Ukraine conflict and the energy crisis. As a result, despite an increase in the issuance of EUAs in 2024, member states are experiencing reduced revenues from auctions.

EU ETS revenues in 2024 and 2023

How to contribute to fighting climate change by investing in EUAs?

Individuals can help governments increase their revenues from the EU ETS 

By buying and holding EUAs, individual investors can help member states' efforts to combat climate change. Becoming a carbon investor has a dual impact. First, the generated proceeds are directly channeled into green projects as outlined above. The projects are verified and accepted by EU regulators, so the use of the money is transparent. No hidden terms or agendas.  

Individuals can bring EUA prices higher and contribute to fighting climate change  

Second, by increasing demand, individual investors contribute to tightening the market - they introduce a new type of demand with increased volumes. This leads to an upward pressure on prices. A € 1 decrease in EUA prices annually equates to a substantial loss of € 677,274,000 in EU revenues allocated for climate-related projects.

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